Chronic pancreatitis: what should be considered in diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis

T. N. Khristich, Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, Ukraine

The aim of the literature review is to draw attention of doctors to the need of considering not only well-known etiological factors, but also pathogenetic ones that have an impact on the progression, chronicity of the process, treatment, prevention, and prognosis.

The role of alcohol, mechanism of obstruction of the pancreatic ducts in the occurrence of abdominal pain in chronic pancreatitis, and the development and progression of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency are discussed in detail. The issues of the onset of chronic pancreatitis in elder age, comorbidity with other diseases of the internal organs, with a lack of certain vitamins are considered. It is necessary to remember that exocrine insufficiency can be associated with the progression of glandular fibrosis, metabolic disorders, food intolerance, allergic syndrome, which provoke acute attacks. The author draws attention to the fact that the syndrome of inflammatory, enzymatic intoxication and the syndrome of disseminated intravascular coagulation should not be missed out in the acute nature of the process. Above-listed recommendations will help to correctly evaluate the clinical picture and prescribe the proper treatment, as well as to prevent the development of complications in time.

Key words: chronic pancreatitis, diagnosis, pharmacotherapy, proton pump inhibitors, Ulsepan, prognosis, complications

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