Author: Kopchak O.O., Kyiv Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine
Summary. The article details the pathogenetic mechanisms of cognitive impairment in patients with COVID-19, describes the features of cognitive dysfunction depending on the period and severity of the disease, the severity of hypoxia, the use of artificial lung ventilation. It is noted that understanding the pathogenetic aspects underlying the development of cognitive impairment in patients with COVID-19 is extremely important for their adequate management. The paper outlines the necessity of using sensitive cognitive testing tools for the dynamic surveillance and monitoring the results of functional recovery of patients with COVID-19; the need to assess the long-term impact of SARS-Cov-2 on cognitive function in patients with COVID-19. The place and pathogenetic substantiation of expediency of drugs with membrane-stabilizing, neuroprotective, and antioxidant properties for the treatment of cognitive disturbances at
COVID-19 are considered.