Back pain is a common symptom with which patients turn to a rheumatologist, because they require a detailed examination, appropriate treatment and recommendations. Aspects of diagnosis and treatment of patients with back pain within the framework of the scientific and practical school of the Association of Rheumatologists of Ukraine «Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue in the focus of rheumatology» (June 17-19, 2020) were highlighted by the head of the Department of Internal Medicine No. 2 of the Ternopil National Medical University named after I. .I AM. Gorbachevsky, Dr. med. n., prof. Svetlana Ivanovna Smeyan.